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Install Debian + KDE

  deb01.jpg If after the computer reboots you see a mostly black screen with the red Debian swirl, then you are ready to install the operating system.  I assume you have read about the choices you will need to make and are ready?
  deb02.jpg If so, then hit the 'enter' key and select your language.  Use the up and down keys to make your selection and hit 'enter' to continue.
  deb03.jpg Next select your country.
deb04.jpg Then select the keyboard type you use.  Just hit 'enter' to use the default.  The install CD will detect the CD Drive and scan it.  It will install a few apps it needs to continue and look for access to the internet.  
  deb05.jpg  Since we are installing without the Internet, select no network
deb06.jpg and "Do not configure the network at this time".
deb07.jpg This step is not critical to us, so you can use "debian" or type in something else.
deb08.jpg Now you need to decide if you are going to keep your "Windoz" OS (if you have one).  First, arrow down to "Manual" and hit 'enter'. 
deb09.jpg This screen shows you all the 'hard disk drives' on your system.  Select the one where you are going to install Linux. 
deb10.jpg This test computer has Windoz 98 installed and we are going to keep it so we can use either one. In order to save our Windoz and make room for Linux, we are going to 'resize' or shrink the current partition.
deb11.jpg Because we want at least 6 GB of space for Linux, we are going to shrink 30.6 GB to
deb12.jpg 24.3 GB.  Hit 'enter' to continue.  Note:  If Linux is the only OS you will have, you can delete the current partition to make it free space, and select it here.
deb13.jpg Now we have 6.3 GB of free space for Linux. Select the free space. The first partition we will create is called the 'root' partition,
deb14.jpg and is identified by a forward slash ( / ).  This is where the OS will go.  To use 3.1 GB for our root partition, replace the 6.3 with 3.1 GB and hit 'enter'.
deb26.jpg Now select "Create a new partition",
deb15.jpg select "Primary",
deb16.jpg and select "Beginning".
deb17.jpg

The 'Partition Manager' should have made these selections for you:
Use as:                      EXT3
Mount point:               /
Mount options:          defaults
Label:                         none
Reserved blocks:      5%
Typical usage:           standard
Bootable flag:            off

If not, then change them to match the above.

deb18.jpg Because the OS will be here, the computer needs to be able to 'boot' from here.  When you select "Bootable flag:" and hit enter, off will be changed to on.  After doing that, select "Done setting up the partition" and move on the the next step.
deb19.jpg Now we have 3.2 GB of free space.  Select the free space and hit 'enter'. 
deb20.jpg We are going to create a "Home" partition.  This will allow you to reinstall Linux, if that becomes necessary, and keep all of your 'settings' after you spent so much time getting your computer desktop just the way you want.  Replace 3.2 GB with 2.1 GB and continue.
deb26.jpg Then as with the first partition select "Create a new partition",
deb21.jpg select "Primary",
deb22.jpg and select "Beginning".
deb23.jpg

Again, the Partition Manager should have made the correct selections for you.  If not, change them to this:
Use as:                      EXT3
Mount point:               /home
Mount options:          defaults
Label:                         none
Reserved blocks:      5%
Typical usage:           standard
Bootable flag:            off

Select "Done setting up the partition" and continue.

deb24.jpg The last partition we will create is called the "Swap".  Windoz manages its swap file automatically.  Linux uses a partition of fixed size.  The rule as to how space to give to "Swap", is to make it no less that the actual system memory, and up to two to three times the actual system memory.  More is better, but only up to a point.  256 MB, 500 MB, and 1 GB are all good choices.  1 GB and more may be a waste of valuable space and not give you any performance improvement.  If you have 1 GB of space available, thats great.  Otherwise, it is a choice between available space and performance.  Your call, and remember you can make adjustments later.
deb25.jpg Select the remaining free space, hit 'enter' to continue,
deb26.jpg select "Create a new partition",
deb27.jpg and "Primary". 
deb28.jpg This time we will need to change the default settings.  Arrow up to the "Use as:" selection and hit 'enter'. 
deb29.jpg Then, arrow down to "Swap area" and hit 'enter'.
deb30.jpg

Your screen should look like this:
Use as:                      swap area
Bootable flag:            off

We are "Done setting up the partition" and are ready to proceed.

deb31.jpg We can now select "Finish partitioning and write changes to disk."
deb32.jpg Select "<Yes>"
deb33.jpg Linux will make the changes to the 'Hard Drive", then ask you to select your time zone.
deb34.jpg Next you are asked to create passwords and a user.  The default user is called "root".  Root does what the administrator account does in XP, for example.  Type a password for root, and then again to verify.
deb35.jpg Next type in your name,
deb36.jpg then a nick-name, or any thing else you want.  This is your user account, the one you will use to log in with.
deb37.jpg Type in a preferably different password, and again to verify.
deb38.jpg Because this is an install without Internet, we can't use this feature so select "no".  If you do have fast Internet access, it makes installation easier!
deb39.jpg Yes we understand that we cannot access security updates from the Internet.  Select "Continue".
deb40.jpg Without Internet, we can't use this either, so select "no".
coffee_tux.jpg Now is a good time to take a break while software is installed.
deb41.jpg The "xserver" serves video, and this screen may ask you for the highest resolution for your monitor and video card.  A 17" monitor can use 1280X1024, and is probably the highest practical resolution to use.  The three bottom choices are the default and will work in most cases.
deb42.jpg We are almost half way there!  If you chose to save a "Windoz" OS, here is where Linux creates the menu that allows you to switch between the two.  Most of the time it is safe to select yes here.  If you do and get unexpected results, don't despair.  Please let me know what happened so I can offer a solution.
deb43.jpg Linux will eject the CD so you can remove it before your computer reboots.  If you left the install CD in the CD drive, you would begin the install all over again and we don't want to do that.  Now is a good place to stop if you need to.  You can restart the project later by restarting your computer and allowing it to boot to Linux.  Or, you could select to boot to your "Windoz" OS and continue to use your computer until you have time to finish the project.  Hit 'enter' and allow the installer to finish cleaning up and reboot your computer.
kde02.jpg If you are ready to setup your 'new' computer now, allow the computer to reboot.  You should see a blue box on a black screen.  Hit the 'tab' bar to turn off the timer so you can look at your options. Click <NEXT> to continue.

 

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